February 16th 

Holidays and Festivals

Independence Day (Lithuania) * (see below)
Citizenship Day (Canada) * (see below)
Washington's Birthday
Birthday of Kim Jong-il * (See Below)
Innovation Day
Kyoto Protocol Day

Chineese New Year, Lunar New Year, Spring Festival  Lunar Calender (2013)  * CLICK HERE
Do a Grouch a Favor Day
Feast of Saint Onesimus
Feast of Saint Abda of Edessa
Feast of Saint Elias and companions
Feast of Saint Juliana of Nicomedia
(Catholic Church)
Feast of Saint Gilbert of Sempringham

* Independence Day (Lithuania) - The Council of Lithuania unanimously adopts the Act of Independence, declaring Lithuania an independent state from Russia and Germany (1918). Also known as Restoration of Lithuania's Statehood Day 

* Citizenship Day (Canada). Canadians granted Canadian citizenship after 80 years of being British subjects. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes the first Canadian citizen in 1947.

* Birthday of Kim Jong-il (North Korea), North Korean leader (1942-2011)

Toast of The Day

 "Always remember to forget
The things that made you sad.
But never forget to remember
The things that made you glad.

Always remember to forget
The friends that proved untrue.
But never forget to remember
Those that have stuck by you.

Always remember to forget
The troubles that passed away.
But never forget to remember
The blessings that come each day."

- Traditional Irish 

Drink of The Day


1 Part Silver Rum
1 Part Amber Rum
2 Parts Pineapple Juice
2 Parts Orange Juice
A Splash of Grenadine
Garnish With A Cherry


Wine of The Day

Don Ernesto 2009 "Vin Gris"
Style - Rosé
Napa Valley

Beer of The Day

Barrel Aged La Petite Mort
Brewer - Black Raven Brewing Co., Redmond, Washington, USA
Style - Barrel Aged, Strong

Joke of The Day

 A small balding man storms into a local bar and demands, "Gimme a double of the strongest whiskey you got. I'm so mad, I can't even see straight." The bartender, noticing that the little man is a bit the worse for wear, pours him a double of Southern Comfort. The man swills down the drink and says, "Gimme another one." The bartender pours the drink, but says, "Now, before I give you this, why don't you let off a little steam and tell me why you're so upset?"
So, the man begins his tale. "Well, I was sitting in the bar next door, when this gorgeous blonde slinks in and actually sits beside me at the bar. I thought, "Wow, this has never happened before." You know, it was kind of a fantasy come true. Well, a couple of minutes later, the blonde leans over and asks if I'd like to come back to her hotel to have dinner and talk for a while. I couldn't believe this was happening, and I hadn't had a good meal in quite a while. I managed to nod my head yes, so she grabs my hand and starts walking out of the bar. This seemed just too good to be true."
He continued, "She took me down the street here to a nice hotel and up to her room. She said to relax, watch some TV, and that she would be ready to go down to the restaurant in a few minutes. But, as soon as I put my feet up and reclined my chair, I heard some keys jingling and someone starts fumbling with the door."
"The blonde says, 'Oh my god, it's my boyfriend. He must have lost his wrestling match tonight, he's gonna be real mad. Quick, hide!'"
"So, I opened the closet, but I figured that was probably the first place he would look, so I didn't hide there. Then I looked under the bed, but no, I figured he's bound to look there, too. By now, I could hear the key in the lock. I noticed the window was open, so I climbed out and was hanging there by my fingers, praying that the guy wouldn't see me."
The bartender says "Well I can see how you might be a bit frustrated at this point."
"Well, yeah, but I hear the guy finally get the door open and he yells out, 'Who you been with now, you witch?' The girl says, 'Nobody, honey, now calm down.'"
Well, the guy starts tearing up the room. I hear him tear the door off the closet and throw it across the room. I'm thinking, 'Boy, I'm glad I didn't hide in there.' Then I hear him lift up the bed and throw it across the room. Good thing I didn't hide under there either. Then I heard him say, 'What's that over there by the window?' I think, 'Oh God, I'm dead meat now.'
But, the blonde by now is trying real hard to distract him and convince him to stop looking. Well, I hear the guy go into the bathroom and I hear water running for a long time; I figure maybe he's gonna take a bath or something, when all of a sudden, the jerk pours a pitcher of scalding hot water out of the window right on top of my head. I mean, look at this, I got second degree burns all over my scalp and shoulders!"
The bartender says, "Oh man, that would have gotten me mad for sure." "No, that didn't really bother me. Next, the guy starts slamming the window shut over and over on my hands. I mean, look at my fingers. They're a bloody mess. I can hardly hold onto this glass."
The bartender looks at the guy's hands and says, "Yeah, buddy, I can understand why you are so upset."

"No, that wasn't what really got me so angry though."
The bartender then asks in exasperation, "Well, then, what did finally make you anger?"
"Well, I was hanging on the window, and I turned around and looked down--I was only about six inches off the ground."

 Quote of the Day

"If a man says something and there is not a woman around to hear it, is he still wrong?"
- Anonymous

Whisky of The Day

Old Parr Superior 18 Year Old Blended Scotch Whisky

February Celebrations  

American History Month
Black History Month AKA African American History Month
American Heart Month   AKA National Heart Healthy Month
An Affair to Remember Month        
Canned Food Month    
Creative Romance Month   
Great American Pie Month AKA American Pie Month 
National Cherry Month    
National Children’s Dental Health Month   
National Grapefruit Month
National Weddings Month  
AMD/Low Vision Awareness Month   
Bake for Family Fun Month    
Bird Feeding Month, Natl    
Cherry Month, Natl  
Children's Dental Health Month, Natl
Pet Dental Health Month, Natl  
Fabulous Florida Strawberry Month    
Get To Know An Independent Real Estate Broker Month, Natl    
Laugh-Friendly Month, Natl    
Library Lovers' Month    
Marfan Syndrome Awareness Month   
Parent Leadership Month, Natl   
Plant the Seeds of Greatness Month   
Relationship Wellness Month    
Return Shopping Carts to the Supermarket Month    
Senior Independence Month, Natl    
Spiritual Teachers Month    
Spunky Old Broads Month      
Time Management Month, Natl     
Wise Health Care Consumer Month    
Berry Fresh Month
Celebration of Chocolate Month
National Fiber Focus Month
National Grapefruit Month
National Hot Breakfast Month
National Snack Food Month
Potato Lover’s Month
Sweet Potato Month
International Friendship Month
National Embroidery Month
National Wild Bird Feeding Month
Responsible Pet Owners' Month
Youth Leadership Month 

Week Celebrations

International Flirting Week   

Historical Events This Date

374 9th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
600 Pope Gregory the Great decreea saying "God bless You" is the correct response to a sneeze
1249 Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with Mongol Khagan of the Mongol Empire.
1486 Diet of Frankfort
1512 French troops beat Venetianen at the Battle at Valeggio
1559 Pope Paul IV calls for deposition of sovereigns supporting heresy
1641 English king Charles I accept Triennial Act
1646 Battle of Great Torrington, Devon the last major battle of the first English Civil War.
1655 Dutch Grand Pensionary advisor Johan de Witt marries Wendela Bicker
1659 1st known check (£400) (on display at Westminster Abbey)
1666 Netherlands & Brandenburg sign treaty
1677 Earl of Shaftesbury arrested/confined in London Tower
1741 Benjamin Franklin's General Magazine (2nd US Mag) begins publishing
1742 Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington, becomes British Prime Minister.
1751 1st publication of Gray's "Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard"
1760 Native American hostages killed in Ft Prince George SC
1771 Messier presents his original list of 45 M-objects to French Academy
1777 Messier adds M53 to his catalog (globular cluster in Coma Berenice)
1804 Lt Stephen Decatur raids Tripoli Harbor & burns Navy frigate "Philadelphia" after pirates seized it, The First Barbary War
1824 Athenaeum founded
1832 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reaches St-Pauls (1°N, 29°W)
1838 Kentucky passes law permitting women to attend school under conditions
1838 Weenen Massacre, Hundreds of Voortrekkers along the Blaukraans River, Natal are killed by Zulus.
1840 American Charles Wilkes discovers Shackleton Ice Shelf, Antarctica
1846 Battle of Sobraon ends 1st Sikh War in India
1852 Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.
1854 Franz Liszts symphony "Orpheus," premieres
1857 Gallaudet College (Natl Deaf Mute college) forms (Wash DC)
1859 The French Government passes a law to set the A-note above middle C to a frequency of 435 Hz, in an attempt to standardize the pitch.
1860 Dutch Rochussen/Van Bosse government resigns
1862 General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Donelson, Tennessee (1,400 confederates surrender), American Civil War.
1862 Ft Donelson captured by Gen Grant
1864 Battle of Mobile, AL operations by Union Army
1866 Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes the British Secretary of State for War.
1868 In New York City the Jolly Corks organization is renamed the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks.
1878 Silver dollar became US legal tender
1880 American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (NYC)
1883 "Ladies Home Journal" begins publishing
1887 1st newspaper convention (Rochester NY)
1887 Eduard Douwes Dekker writes his last text (Lf8-c5)
1892 Opera "Werther," premieres in Vienna
1894 British troops occupy Ilorin, Gold Coast
1899 Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur Iceland's first football club is founded.
1899 Pelham Warner scores 132 on Test Cricket debut (Eng v SA Johannesburg)
1899 President Félix Faure of France dies in office.
1900 1st Chinese daily newspaper in US publishes (Chung Sai Yat Po-SF)
1900 Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 3 games to 1
1903 -59°F (-51°C), Pokegama Dam, Minnesota (state record)
1905 1st US Esperanto club organizes in Boston
1909 1st subway car with side doors goes into service (NYC)
1909 Serbia mobilizes against Austria-Hungary
1912 VSV soccer team forms in Ijmuiden
1913 President Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico
1914 1st airplane flight (LA to SF)
1915 Frank Home Run Baker, 28, announces retirement following a contract dispute with Connie Mack. He sits out 1915 season
1916 Russian troops conquer Erzurum Armenia
1917 1st synagogue in 425 years opens in Madrid
1918 The Council of Lithuania unanimously adopts the Act of Independence, declaring Lithuania an independent state (National Day).
1923 Allies accept Latvia's occupation of Memel territory
1923 Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of Pharaoh Tutankhamun.
1923 US female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
1923 US male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
1926 Suzanne Lenglen defeats Helen Wills in Tennis at Cannes France
1927 Noel Coward's "Marquise," premieres in London
1927 US restores diplomatic relations with Turkey
1929 KID-AM in Idaho Falls ID begins radio transmissions
1931 Extreme right wing Svinhufvud becomes president of Finland
1932 1st patent issued for a tree, to James Markham for a peach tree
1933 Catholic newspaper Germania warns against nazis/communists
1933 England regains the Ashes, thanks to bodyline tactics
1934 Commission of Government is sworn in as form of direct rule for the Dominion of Newfoundland.
1934 The Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund.
1936 4th Winter Olympic games close at Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
1936 Elections bring the Popular Front to power in Spain.
1936 Spanish Frente Popular (People's Front) wins elections
1937 DuPont Corp patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H Carothers
1937 Jean Anouilh's "Le Voyageur Sans Baggage," premieres in Paris
1937 Wallace H. Carothers receives a United States patent for nylon.
1938 US Federal Crop Insurance program authorized
1940 British search plane finds German Altmark off Norway
1940 Altmark Incident, World War II, The German tanker Altmark is boarded by sailors from the British destroyer HMS Cossack. 299 British prisoners are freed.
1942 German submarines attack Aruba oil refinery
1943 -32°F (-36°C), Falls Village, Connecticut (state record)
1943 British premier Winston Churchill gets pneumonia
1943 Red army conquers Kharkov
1943 Sign on Munich facade reads "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" done by "White Rose" student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22
1943 Withdrawing Africa Corps reaches Mareth-line in North-Africa
1943 Soviet troops re-enter Kharkov, World War II.
1945 Venezuela declares war on nazi-Germany
1945 American forces land on Corregidor island in the Philippines, World War II, complete conquest on March 3.
1946 "Duchess Misbehaves" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 5 perfs
1946 1st commercially designed helicopter tested, Bridgeport Ct
1947 Canadians are granted Canadian citizenship after 80 years of being British subjects. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes the first Canadian citizen.
1947 Morton Gould's 3rd Symphony, premieres
1948 1st newsreel telecast, "20th Century Fox-Movietone News" shown on NBC
1948 Miranda, famous moon of Uranus, photographed for 1st time
1950 Longest-running prime-time game show, "What's My Line" begins on CBS
1950 Writers fail to elect anyone to Baseball's Hall of Fame
1951 NYC passes bill prohibiting racism in city-assisted housing
1951 SF City Hall dome fire
1952 Hall of Famer Honus Wagner, 77, retires; Pirates retire his #33
1952 Ian Craig makes NSW cricket debut aged 16 years 249 days (NSW record)
1954 WNEM TV channel 5 in Bay City, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 Britain abolishes death penalty
1957 The "Toddlers' Truce", a controversial television closedown between 6.00pm and 7.00pm was abolished in the United Kingdom
1958 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
1959 Fidel Castro becomes Premier of Cuba after dictator Fulgencio Batista was overthrown on January 1.
1959 Leonard Spigelgass' "Majority of One," premieres in NYC
1960 US nuclear submarine USS Triton set off on underwater round-world trip
1961 1st all-solid-propellant rocket put in orbit, Wallops Island, Va
1961 China uses it's 1st nuclear reactor
1961 US satellite Explorer 9 is launched
1962 Darius Milhaud's 12th Symphony, premieres
1962 US Open Tennis, Jimmy Bostwick defeats brother Pete to win
1963 1st round-trip swim of Strait of Messina, Italy (Mary Revell of US)
1963 Beatles top British rock charts with "Please, Please Me"
1963 C & A Building in Amsterdam burns down
1964 "Foxy" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 72 performances
1964 Beatles' 2nd appearance on "Ed Sullivan Show"
1965 "Baker Street" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 313 performances
1965 Pegasus 1 launched to detect micro-meteors
1966 Bob Cowper makes 307 v England at the MCG, 727 mins, 20 fours
1966 End of Wally Grout's Test Cricket career, 187 dismissals as Aust WK
1966 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
1967 Red Ruffing selected to Hall of Fame
1968 Beatles George Harrison & John Lennon & wives fly to India for transcendental meditation study with the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
1968 Elvis Presley receives gold record for "How Great Thou Art"
1968 In Haleyville, Alabama, the first 9-1-1 emergency telephone system goes into service.
1970 Joe Frazier TKOs Jimmy Ellis in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
1972 1st NBA to score 30,000 points (Wilt Chamberlain in 940 games)
1972 German mass murderers "Three of Breda" freed
1972 Test Cricket debut of Lawrence Rowe WI v NZ Kingston, 214 & 100
1972 Wilt Chamberlain hit 30,000 point mark during a game with Phoenix Suns
1973 WI v Australia at Kingston, 1st time since 1955 without Sobers
1975 Washington Capitals 1st NHL shutout, beating KC Scouts 3-0
1977 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
1978 The first computer bulletin board system is created (CBBS in Chicago, Illinois).
1979 George Harrison releases "Blow Away"
1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1980 Continuous traffic jam extends 176 km north of Lyons, France
1980 Eric Heiden skates 5k in 7:02.29 (Olympic Record)
1982 Agatha Barbara elected as 1st female president of Malta
1982 Assembled STS-3 vehicle moves from Vandenberg AFB to launch pad
1982 Lee Majors & Farrah Fawcett Majors divorce
1983 The Ash Wednesday bushfires in Victoria and South Australia claim the lives of 75 people in Australia's worst ever fires.
1984 Bill Johnson becomes 1st American to win Olympic downhill skiing gold
1984 NJ Devils 1st OT goal, Jan Ludvig beats Hartford Whalers 6-5
1985 Hezbollah is founded.
1985 Largest NBA crowd to date, 43,816, sees Phila at Detroit
1985 Livingston Bramble defeats Ray "Boom Boom" Mancini to win WBA champ
1985 NJ Devils score their fastest hat trick in 42 seconds
1986 "Uptown... It's Hot!" closes at Lunt-Fontanne NYC after 24 perfs
1986 French air force bombs Ouadi Doum airport in Chad
1986 Hein Vergeer becomes world champion skater
1986 Karlstad skates world record 10 km (14:12.14)
1986 Mario Soares (Socialist) elected Portugal's 1st civilian pres
1986 The Soviet liner MS Mikhail Lermontov runs aground in the Marlborough Sounds, New Zealand.
1987 The trial of John Demjanjuk, accused of being a Nazi guard dubbed "Ivan the Terrible" in Treblinka extermination camp, starts in Jerusalem.
1988 1st documented combat action by US military advisors in El Salvador
1989 Egypt, Iraq, Jordan & North Yemen form common market
1989 Jane Fonda & Tom Hayden separate after 16 years of marriage
1989 Orel Hershiser, Dodger pitcher signs $7.9M-3 year contract
1989 Roger Clemens, Red Sox pitcher signs $7.5M-3 year contract
1989 William Hayden becomes governor-general of Australia
1991 Dutch PPR, Political Party Radicals, disbands
1991 Nicaraguan Contras leader Enrique Bermúdez is assassinated in Managua.
1991 US female Figure Skating championship won by Tonya Harding
1992 Former silver Goodyear blimps are now painted yellow & blue
1992 LA Lakers retire Magic Johnson's #32 uniform
1993 Sandra V"lker swims world record 50m backstroke (28.33 sec)
1993 Western Australia's and Australia's first woman Premier, Carmen Lawrence, is voted out of office.
1994 6.5 earthquake strikes SE Sumatra, kills 200
1994 Johann Olav Koss skates world record 1500m (1:51.29)
1994 Premier Alfonso Bustamente ends government in Peru
1996 Gary Kirsten scores 188* for South Africa v UAE at Rawalpindi
1996 Shaquille O'Neal, at the time playing for the Orlando Magic of the National Basketball Association, makes his only career 3-point shot against the Milwaukee Bucks.
1997 At age 25, Jeff Gordon is youngest winner in Daytona 500 history
1997 GTE Suncoast Senior Golf Classic
1997 Paul Stankowski wins Hawaiian Golf Open
1997 Terry-Jo Myers wins LPGA Los Angeles Women's Championship
1998 Tellabs Inc acquires Coherent Communications Systems for $670 million
1999 Across Europe, Kurdish rebels take over embassies and hold hostages after Turkey arrested one of their rebel leaders, Abdullah Öcalan.
1999 In Uzbekistan, a bomb explodes and gunfire is heard at the government headquarters in an apparent assassination attempt against President Islom Karimov.
1999 O.J. Simpson's 1968 Heisman Trophy is sold for $230,000 to help settle a $33.5 million civil judgement against Simpson for the deaths of his ex-wife and her friend
2003 Michael Waltrip wins motor racing's Daytona 500 after rain stops the race for a second time at lap 109
2004 The Pittsburgh Penguins lose their 12th consecutive home game, a NHL record
2005 2004-2005 NHL season is canceled by league commissioner Gary Bettman. This was the first time that a North American professional sports league had to cancel a season due to a labor dispute
2005 The Kyoto Protocol comes into force, following its ratification by Russia.
2006 The last Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) is decommissioned by the United States Army.

Born on This Date

1032 Emperor Yingzong of China (d. 1067)
1075 Ordericus Vitalis, French monk/historian/poet
1222 Nichiren Daishonin, Japanese founder of Nichiren Buddhism (d. 1282)
1497 Philipp Melanchthon, German humanist and reformer (Augsburgse Confessie) (d. 1560)
1519 Gaspard de Coligny, French Huguenot leader (d. 1572)
1543 Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (d. 1590)
1620 Friedrich Wilhelm I of Brandenburg, Duke of Prussia, founder of Brandenburg-Prussia (d. 1688)
1643 John Sharp, English Archbishop of York (d. 1714)
1669 Arnold Boonen, Dutch portrait painter
1684 Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský, Nymburk, Bohemia, Czech monk/composer
1698 Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (heliometer) (d. 1758)
1709 Charles Avison, composer
1727 Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Austrian scientist (d. 1817)
1740 Giambattista Bodoni, Saluzzo Italy, printer/typeface designer (Bodoni)
1746 Johann Heinse, German Sturm und Drang novelist/art critic
1761 Charles Pichegru, French general (d. 1804)
1774 Pierre Rode, composer
1786 Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1859)
1787 Andreas Schelfhout, Dutch painter/etcher/lithographer
1788 Juan van Halen, Dutch/Spanish officer/adventurer
1790 Chretien Urhan, composer
1802 Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, American philosopher (d. 1866)
1804 Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist (d. 1885)
1807 Lysander Cutler, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1866
1812 Henry Wilson, American politician 18th Vice President of the United States (1873-75) (d. 1875)
1813 Joseph Reid Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1892
1813 Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky, composer
1821 Heinrich Barth, German explorer (Central Africa) (d. 1865)
1822 James Patton Anderson, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1872
1822 Francis Galton, English explorer, anthropologist, and biologist (d. 1911)
1823 John Daniel Imboden, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895
1824 Peter Kozler, Slovenian cartographer and geographer (d. 1879)
1826 Franz von Holstein, composer
1826 Joseph Victor von Scheffel, German poet (Gaudeamus) (d. 1886)
1826 Julia Grant, First Lady of the United States (d. 1902)
1831 Nikolai Leskov, Russian writer (d. 1895)
1832 Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac, Mjr General (Confederate Army)
1834 Ernst Haeckel, German zoologist and philosopher (Causes of Evolution) (d. 1919)
1836 Benjamin Edward Woolf, Dutch composer
1838 Arnoldus Pannevis, South African ship's doctor/linguist
1838 Henry Adams, American historian and novelist (Education of Henry Adams) (d. 1918)
1845 George Kennan, American explorer (d. 1924)
1847 Ludwig Philipp Scharwenka, German composer (Album polonaise)
1847 Philipp Scharwenka, Polish-German composer (d. 1917)
1848 Hugo de Vries, Dutch botanist (How species emerge) (d. 1935)
1850 Octave Mirbeau, France, writer (Journal of a Lady's Maid)
1852 Charles Taze Russell, religion founder (Jehovah's Witnesses)
1852 William Scarborough, Macon Ga, linguist/author (Birds of Aristophanes)
1854 Oscar Fetras, composer
1856 Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (d. 1944)
1856 Willem Kes, Dutch conductor (Parkorkest Amsterdam) (d. 1934)
1858 Laurence "Lon" Myers, US, track star (top US miler)
1866 Billy Hamilton, American baseball player (d. 1940)
1866 Johann Strauss, Austria, composer (Waltz King)
1866 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian poet (d. 1949)
1866 William "Sliding Billy" Hamilton, American hall of fame baseball player
1868 Wilhelm Schmidt, German anthropologist/linguist (Anthropos)
1874 Marie Gutheil-Schoder, German soprano (d. 1935)
1876 George Macaulay Trevelyan, English historian (Giuseppi Garibaldi) (d. 1962)
1878 Pamela Colman Smith, artist, writer, designer of the Rider-Waite-Smith deck of tarot cards (d. 1951)
1878 Selim Palmgren, Finnish pianist/composer/conductor (Peter Schlemihl)
1880 Frank Burke, American baseball player (d. 1946)
1881 Maurits H E Uyldert, Dutch poet/writer (Youth of a Poet)
1883 Elizabeth Craig, British writer (d. 1980)
1884 Robert J. Flaherty, American filmmaker (Nanook of North) (d. 1951)
1886 Andrew Ducat, cricketer (Test for Eng 1921 (3 & 2) Soccer intl)
1886 Van Wyck Brooks, American historian and critic (Ordeal of Mark Twain) (d. 1963)
1887 Kathleen Clifford, American actress (d. 1962)
1890 Semyon Semyonovich Bogatiryov, composer
1891 Hans F. K. Günther, German eugenicist (d. 1967)
1893 Ivor Armstrong Richards, England, literary critic [OS]
1896 Alexander Brailowsky, Russia, pianist (Chopin)
1896 Eugénie Blanchard, French supercentenarian
1898 Katharine Cornell, American actress (Barretts of Wimpole St) (d. 1974)
1900 Albert Maurice Hackett, playwright/screenwriter
1901 Chester Morris, American film actor (Diagnosis: Unknown) (d. 1970)
1901 Vincent Coleman, American actor (d. 1971)
1901 Wayne King, American musician and orchestra leader (Waltz King) (d. 1985)
1903 Edgar Bergen, American ventriloquist (Charlie McCarthy) (d. 1978)
1903 George-Henri Lévesque, Quebec priest and sociologist (d. 2000)
1904 Ellis Achong, cricketer (West Indian SLA, 8 wickets in 6 Tests)
1904 George F. Kennan, American historian, diplomat and political policy-maker, US ambassador to Moscow (d. 2005)
1905 Jose Munoz Molleda, composer
1905 Lord Franks, British ambassador (to US)
1906 Jeffrey Lynn, actor (Tony Rome, Butterfield 8, Up Front)
1906 Vera Menchik, British-Czech chess player, the first Women's World Champion in chess (1927) (d. 1944)
1907 Fernando Previtali, composer
1907 Henri van Albada, Belgian sculptor (Charles V)
1909 Hugh Beaumont, American actor (Ward Cleaver-Leave it to Beaver) (d. 1982)
1909 Jeffrey Lynn, American actor (My Son Jeep, Roaring Twenties) (d. 1995)
1909 Richard McDonald, American fast food pioneer (d. 1998)
1910 Michael Milne-Watson, CEO (BUPA)
1910 Miguel Bernal Jiminez, composer
1911 Hal Porter, Australia, writer (Tilted Cross, Paper Chase)
1912 Arthur Crook, British editor (Times Literary Supplement)
1912 Bob Tadema Sporry, Dutch (female) author
1912 Del Sharbutt, Cleburne Tx, TV announcer (Your Hit Parade)
1912 Machito "Frank Grillo", Florida, bandleader (created salsa music)
1912 Maitland Mackie, Lord Lt (Aberdeenshire)
1914 J Tobin, British anaesthetist
1914 Jimmy Wakely, Mineola Ark, country vocalist (5 Star Jubilee)
1915 Elisabeth Eybers, South African poet (d. 2007)
1915 Jim O'Hora, American college football coach (d. 2005)
1915 Michael Relph, British film producer and director (d. 2004)
1916 William Ballard Doggett, American jazz and rhythm and blues pianist and organist (d. 1996)
1918 Patty Andrews, American singer (Andrews Sisters)
1920 Anna Mae Hays, American army general
1920 Hubert van Herreweghen, Flemish writer/journalist
1920 Lee Russell, Cleveland Oh, vocalist (Vincent Lopez)
1921 Araucaria, British crossword compiler
1921 Jean Behra, French Formula One driver (d. 1959)
1921 Vera-Ellen, American actress (Wonder Man) (d. 1981)
1922 Geraint Evans, British opera vocalist (Knaben Wunderhorn)
1922 Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer, German night fighter pilot (d. 1950)
1922 Paul van 't Veer, Dutch journalist/writer (Het Vrije Volk)
1924 James Swaffield, director-general (Swaffield & Clerk to the GLC)
1924 Peter Webster, British High Court Judge
1925 Carlos Paredes, Portuguese guitar master (d. 2004)
1925 David Emms, director (London Goodenough Trust for Overseas Graduates)
1925 John Schlesinger, London England, director (Midnight Cowboy, Darling)
1925 PER Bailey, director (Gatwick & Stansted Airports)
1926 Jack Levy, mechanical engineer
1926 John Schlesinger, English film director (Midnight Cowboy) (d. 2003)
1926 Margot Frank, German-born Dutch Jewish holocaust victim (d. 1945)
1927 June Brown, British actress
1929 Gerhard Hanappi, Austrian footballer (d. 1980)
1929 Peter NF Porter, Australian/British author/poet (Chair of Babel)
1930 F G R Cuming, painter
1930 Peggy King, Greensburg Pa, vocalist/actress (George Gobel Show)
1930 Ricou Browning, Florida, director/actor (Thunderball)
1931 A Kolleritsch, writer
1931 Gamini Goonesena, cricket leg-spinner (all-rounder for Ceylon, Notts)
1931 George E. Sangmeister, American politician (Rep-D-Illinois) (d. 2007)
1931 Ken Takakura (Goichi Oda), Japanese actor (Story of Antarctic)
1932 A Appelfeld, writer
1932 Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, President of Sierra Leone
1932 Gretchen Wyler, American actress and dancer (Silk Stockings) (d. 2007)
1932 Harry Goz, American actor (d. 2003)
1932 Nand Baert, Belgian radio/TV-host
1932 Otis Blackwell, American songwriter and singer (d. 2002)
1934 Austin "Ted" Taylor, US gospel/R&B-singer (Be Ever Wonderful)
1934 Herbie & Harold Kalin, American singers
1934 Marlene Bauer Hagge, American professional golfer, LPGA (1950 Woman Athlete)
1935 Brian Bedford, England, actor (Anthony-Coronet Blue)
1935 Kenneth Price, Los Angeles, California, ceramic artist and print maker (Hot Bottoms, Tamed), (d. 2012)
1935 Robin Clark, chemist (FRS)
1935 Sonny Bono, American entertainer (Sonny & Cher) & U.S. Congressman (Rep-R-Ca, 1995-98) (d. 1998)
1936 Jill Kinmont, American skier
1937 Paul Bailey, novelist
1937 Valentin Vasilyevich Bondarenko, cosmonaut
1937 Yuri Manin, Russian mathematician
1938 Barry Primus, American actor (Sgt McKenna-Cagney & Lacey, Boxcar Bertha)
1938 John Corigliano, American composer (Fern Hill, Ghosts of Versailles)
1939 Adolfo Azcuna, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
1939 Czeslaw Niemen, Polish singer-songwriter and composer (d. 2004)
1939 David Griffiths, portrait painter
1939 Harold Kalin, singer
1940 Karoli Ruth Needles, painter
1941 Kim Jong-il, North Korean leader
1941 Vitali Kuznetsov, USSR, judo (Olympic-silver-1972)
1942 Gabriel Brncic, composer
1942 Kim Jong-il, Supreme Leader of North Korea (1994-2011)
1943 Anthony Dowell, London, ballet dancer (Royal Ballet)
1943 Brig Owens, American football player
1943 J D Moore, headmaster (St Dunstan's College)
1943 James Beaton, British GC
1944 António Mascarenhas Monteiro, 2nd President of Cape Verde
1944 Richard Ford, American novelist (Sportswriter)
1945 Frank Welker, American voice actor
1945 Jeremy Bulloch, English actor
1946 Aleksandr Shaparenko, USSR, 1K kayak (Olympic-gold-1972)
1946 Ian Lavender, British actor (Stupid Boy in Dad's Army)
1946 J R Farndon, British consultant surgeon
1948 Eckhart Tolle, Author and spiritual teacher
1949 Dorus Vrede, Surinam poet (Otobanda; the Other Bank)
1950 Kazuki Tomokawa, Japanese acid-folk singer
1950 Peter Hain, British politician
1950 Roman Tam, Hong Kong singer (d. 2002)
1951 William Katt, American actor (Greatest American Hero, 1st Love)
1952 Barry Foote, American baseball player, MLB
1953 Andre St Lauren, NHLer
1953 George Martin, NFL football player (NY Giants)
1953 Lanny McDonald, Canadian ice hockey player
1953 Mike Ford, NYC, Canadian Tour golfer (1976 Port Jefferson Open)
1953 Roberta Williams, computer game designer
1954 David Lombardo, rocker
1954 Iain (Menzies) Banks, Scottish sci-fi author (Wasp Factory)
1954 Margaux Hemingway, American actress and model (Lipstick, They Call Me Bruce) (d. 1996)
1954 Michael Holding, Jamaican West Indies cricketer
1955 George Martin, NFL defensive back (NY Giants)
1955 Guy Gallo, New Orleans LA, writer (Under the Volcano)
1955 Hunt Block, American actor
1955 Jeff Clayton, US jazz saxophonist/composer (Groove Shop)
1956 James Ingram, American singer (On the Wings of Love)
1956 Vincent Ward, New Zealand director and screenwriter
1957 LeVar Burton, American actor (Roots, Star Trek Next Generation)
1958 Herb Williams, American basketball player and coach, NBA center (Toronto Raptors, NY Knicks)
1958 Ice-T (Tracy Marrow), American rapper and actor (New Jack City, Tank Girl, Crazy Six)
1958 John Paul Morse, Marshall MI, PGA golfer (1995 United Airlines)
1958 Lisa Loring, American actress (As the World Turns, Wednesday-Addams Family)
1958 Michael W. Burns, American politician
1958 Natalie Angier, American journalist and author
1958 Oscar Schmidt, Brazilian basketball player
1959 John McEnroe, American tennis player (US Open 1979-81, 84 Wimb 1981, 83, 84)
1959 Kelly Tripucka, American basketball player, NBA forward (Det Pistons, Utah Jazz)
1960 Cherie Chung, Hong Kong actress
1960 Pete Willis, English guitarist (Def Leppard)
1961 Andy Taylor, English musician (Duran Duran, The Power Station)
1961 Eric Red, American screenwriter and director
1962 Alexa Kenin, NYC, actress (Mousie-Coed Fever)
1962 John Balance, English musician (Coil, Psychic TV) (d. 2004)
1962 Tony Kiley, rocker (Blow Monkeys-Wicked Ways)
1963 Dano Halsall, Swiss swimmer
1963 Dave Lombardo, Cuban drummer (Slayer)
1964 Bebeto, Brazilian footballer
1964 Christopher Eccleston, English actor
1964 Mark Price, NBA guard (Cleveland Caveliers)
1965 Dave Lombardo, Cuban-born drummer (Slayer)
1966 Eric Uptagrafft, Spokane Wash, prone rifle (Olympics-1996)
1967 John Valentin, American beseball infielder (Boston Red Sox)
1967 Keith Gretzky, former hockey player; brother of Wayne Gretzky
1967 Robert Massey, NFL cornerback (Arizona Cardinals, Detroit Lions)
1968 Cecil Gray, NFL tackle (Arizona Cardinals)
1968 Erik Regtop, Dutch soccer player (SC Heerenveen)
1968 Warren Ellis, British comic book writer
1969 Claude Lambert, Montreal Quebec, boxer (Olympics-96)
1969 David Heath, American professional wrestler better known as Gangrel
1969 Fermin Cacho, Barcelona Spain, 1500m (Olympics-2 gold-92, 96)
1969 Holly Aird, English actress
1969 Tim Costo, US baseball infielder (Cincinnati Reds)
1970 Angelo Peruzzi, Italian footballer
1970 D.J. Wallis, American fitness competitor
1970 Saskia Linssen, Venlo Holland, playmate (Jun, 1991)
1970 Serdar Ortac, Turkish popstar
1971 Amanda Holden, British actress
1971 Anthony Abrams, NFL defensive tackle (KC Chiefs)
1971 Chi Kredell, Long Beach Ca, water polo driver (Olympics-96)
1971 Larry Jones, NFL running back (Washington Redskins)
1971 Marco Sas, Dutch soccer player (NAC)
1971 Mike Hubbard, Lynchburg VA, catcher (Chicago Cubs)
1971 Shivanthini Dharmasiri, Miss Universe-Sri Lanka (1996)
1971 Van Tuinei, defensive end (San Diego Chargers)
1972 Jerome Bettis, American football player, running back (Pittsburgh Steelers)
1972 Sarah Clarke, American actress
1973 Cathy Freeman, Australian athlete, 100m/200m/400m (Olympics-silver-92, 96)
1973 Christian Bassedas, Argentine footballer
1973 James Young, Australian water polo player (Olympics-96)
1973 Maureen Johnson, American author
1973 Nikos Kostakis, Greek footballer
1974 Fanis Katergiannakis, Greek footballer
1974 Jevon Langford, defensive end (Cincinnati Bengals)
1974 Johnny Tri Nguyen, Vietnamese American stuntman and martial arts actor
1974 Kathy McCormack, ice hockey forward (Canada, Oly-Silver-98)
1974 Kimberly Dawn Whipany, Oklahoma, rocker (PC Quest-Can You See)
1974 Luis Figueroa, Puerto Rican baseball player
1974 Mahershalalhashbaz Ali, American actor
1975 Casey Barrett, Montreal Quebec, 200m Butterfly (Olympics-96)
1975 Don Jeffcoat, American actor
1975 Marty Murray, Deloraine, NHL center (Calgary Flames)
1975 Nanase Aikawa, Japanese singer
1975 Vanina Ickx, Belgian racing driver
1976 Eric Byrnes, American baseball player
1976 Joe Odagiri, Japanese actor
1976 Kyo, Japanese singer (Dir en grey)
1977 Ahman Green, American football player
1977 Alexei Morozov, NHL forward (Team Russia Oly-Silver-1998, Pittsburgh)
1977 Brad Walst, American Bassist (Three Days Grace)
1977 Ian Clarke, Irish computer programmer
1977 Trina Jackson, 4X200m freestyle swimmer (Olympics-gold-96)
1978 Caroline Hunt, Chic Ill, rhythmic gymnast (US team-96)
1978 John Tartaglia, Broadway actor and Muppeteer
1978 Tia Hellebaut, Belgian athlete
1978 Wasim Jaffer, Indian cricketer
1979 Emma Louise DeSilets, Miss Washington Teen USA (1997)
1979 Eric Mun, Korean rapper (Shinhwa)
1979 Valentino Rossi, Italian motorcycle racer
1980 Agim Kaba, American actor and film producer
1980 Ashley Lelie, American football player
1981 Jay Howard, British racing driver
1981 Jerry Owens, American baseball player
1981 Qyntel Woods, American basketball player
1982 Lupe Fiasco, American hip hop artist
1982 Wasalu Muhammad Jaco, American rapper
1983 Tuomo Ruutu, Finnish ice hockey player
1984 Ous Mellouli, Tunisian swimmer
1985 Zoi Dimoschaki, Greek swimmer
1987 Theresa Goh, Singaporean Paralympic swimmer
1988 Denílson Pereira Neves, Brazilian footballer
1988 Diego Capel, Spanish footballer
1991 Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg, Princess of Luxembourg
1998 Mr Jefferson, Virginia, 1st cloned calf
2335 Geordi La Forge, character on Star Trek Next Generation

Died on This Date 

309 Pamphilus van Caesarea, Palestinian scholar/martyr, beheaded
923 Abu Dja'far Mohammed Djarir al-Tabari, islamic historian, dies at 83
1247 Heinrich Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia (b. 1204)
1279 Afonso III, King of Portugal (1248-79) (b. 1210)
1391 Johannes V Palaeologus, Emperor of Byzantium (1341-91) (b. 1332)
1531 Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1452)
1538 Everhard/Erardus van de Mark, prince-bishop of Liege, dies at 65
1560 Jean du Bellay, French Catholic cardinal and diplomat
1653 Johannes Schultz, composer, dies at 70
1710 Esprit Fléchier, French writer and Bishop of Nîmes (b. 1632)
1721 James Craggs the Younger, English politician (b. 1686)
1754 Richard Mead, English physician (b. 1673)
1779 William Boyce, English organist/composer (Cathedral Music), dies
1791 Richard earl d'Alton, Austria general of S Neth, commits suicide at 58
1799 Charles Theoby, ruler (Palts & Bayern), dies at 74
1803 Jan V clav Stich, Bohemian composer, dies at 56
1820 Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish Lieutenant General and war hero (b. 1758)
1823 Johann Gottfried Schict, composer, dies at 69
1825 George Gerson, composer, dies at 34
1829 Francois-Joseph Gossec, Belg/Fr composer (Messe of Morts), dies at 95
1834 Lionel Lukin, life boat pioneer, dies
1844 Joseph Crosfield, English soap and alkali manufacturer (b. 1792)
1851 Anne Nagell van Ampsen, Dutch politician, dies at 95
1857 Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers, French engraver, dies at 77
1857 Elisha Kent Kane, Arctic explorer (Kane Basin), dies at 37
1858 Georg F Creuzer, German philological/historian, dies at 86
1864 Vaclav Jindrich Veit, composer, dies at 58
1892 Henry Walter Bates, naturalist/explorer (South America), dies
1898 Thomas Bracken, New Zealand poet (b. 1843)
1899 Francois Félix Faure, president of France (1895-99), dies at 57
1899 Félix Faure, President of France (b. 1841)
1900 George Labram, US mine engineer in South Africa, dies in battle
1907 Giosuè Carducci, Italian writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1835)
1910 Albert Heinrich Zabel, composer, dies at 75
1912 Edgar Evans, British explorer (Antarctica), dies
1912 St. Nikolai of Japan, Eastern Orthodox priest (b. 1836)
1915 Emil Waldteufel, [Charles Levy], French composer (Estudiantina)
1916 Jeltje de Bosch Kemper, Dutch feminist
1916 (Gerard) Jan Ligthart, Dutch educator (Ot & Sien)
1917 Octave Mirbeau, French writer (b. 1848)
1919 Vera Kholodnaya, Russian film star (b. 1893)
1928 Eddie Foy, American singer and dancer (b. 1856)
1932 Ferdinand Buisson, French pacifist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1841)
1932 Sir Edgar Speyer, American-born British financier and philanthropist (b. 1862)
1933 Archie Jackson, cricketer (of TB, Aus bat too briefly Avg 47.4), dies
1934 Eduard Bagritsky, [Dzjubin], Russ poet/journalist, dies at 38
1936 Tommy Ward, South African cricket wicket keeper (23 Tests), electrocuted
1938 Otto zur Linde, German author (Lieder of the Leids), dies at 64
1939 Jura Soyfer, writer, dies at 26
1944 Edmund von Borck, composer, dies at 37
1945 Billy Frank, cricketer (Test South Africa v Eng 1896, 5 & 2, 1-52), dies
1945 Rudolf Vornlund, Swedish playwright (Upproret), dies at 45
1950 David Denton, cricketer (England batsman in 11 Tests 1905-10), dies
1951 Henri Velge, 1st chairman (Belgian Council of State), dies at 65
1952 Knut [Pedersen] Hamsun, Norwegian writer (Wanders, Nobel 1920), dies
1957 Leslie Hore-Belisha, [Lord Halifax], Brit min of Transport, dies at 63
1963 Laszlo Lajtha, composer, dies at 70
1966 Hendrik W Tilanus, artillery officer/leader (CHU 1939-63), dies at 81
1967 Antonio Moreno, Spanish-born actor (b. 1887)
1967 Smiley Burnette, American actor (Charlie-Petticoat Junction), singer and songwriter (b. 1911)
1968 Healey Willan, composer
1973 Pieter Van der Bijl, cricketer (outstanding S Af bat in 1938-39), dies
1974 John Garand, Canadian rifle engineer and manufacturer (b. 1888)
1975 Morgan Taylor, American athlete (b. 1903)
1975 Norman Treigle, American bass-baritone (b. 1927)
1977 Carlos Pellicer, Mexican poet (b. 1897)
1978 E. Roland Harriman, American financier (b. 1895)
1979 Louise Allbritton, actress (Celia-Stage Door), dies at 58
1979 Nematollah Nassiri, executed Iran general, head of SAVAK (b. 1911)
1979 William Gargan, actor (New Adventures of Martin Kane), dies at 73
1980 Erich Hückel, German physicist (b. 1895)
1981 Howard Hanson, composer, dies at 84
1984 Ken Williams, TV announcer (Video Village), dies at 69
1984 M.A.G. Osmani, Supreme Commander of Bangladesh Forces during the Bangladesh Liberation War (b. 1918)
1985 Larry Ward, actor (Frank Ragan-Dakotas), dies at 69
1986 Howard Da Silva, American actor (Ben Franklin-1776) (b. 1909)
1987 Dmitri Borisovich Kabalevsky, composer, dies at 82
1988 Jean Carignan, French Canadian fiddler (b. 1916)
1990 Keith Haring, American artist (brilliant baby), dies of AIDS (b. 1958)
1991 Enrique Bermúdez Varela, Nicaraguan Contra leader (b. 1932)
1992 Abbas Musawi, leader of Hezbollah, assassinated
1992 Angela Carter, English writer (Magic Toyshop) (b. 1940)
1992 George Mann MacBeth, Scottish journalist/poet (A War Quartet), dies
1992 Herman Wold, Swedish statistician (b. 1908)
1992 Jânio Quadros, Brazilian politician, president of Brazil (1961) (b. 1917)
1992 Winand J Borgerhoff Mulder, court judge Amster (squaters), dies at 78
1993 Donald Phelps, dies of AIDS at 61
1993 Richard Salant, news president (CBS-60 Minutes), dies at 78
1995 John Everett Allen, US businessman, dies at 91
1995 Martin Soames, traveller, dies at 91
1996 Brownie McGhee, American singer (b. 1915)
1996 Charles McCorquodale, art historian, dies at 47
1996 Edmund G "Pat" Brown, Politician, Governor of California (b. 1905)
1996 Kenneth Robinson, politician/businessman, dies at 84
1996 MacLean Stevenson, actor (M*A*S*H), dies of heart attack at 66
1996 Roger Bowen, American actor (M*A*S*H, Main Event, What about Bob) (b. 1932)
1996 Susan Bosence, textile designer, dies at 82
1996 Walter Brown "Brownie" McGhee, American blues singer/guitarist, dies at 80
1997 Chien-Shiung Wu, Chinese-American physicist (b. 1912)
1999 Michael Larson, Press Your Luck Big-winning contestant (b. 1949)
2000 Karsten Solheim, Norwegian-born engineer and inventor (b. 1911)
2000 Lila Kedrova, Russian-born actress (b. 1918)
2000 Marceline Day, American actress (b. 1908)
2001 Bob Buhl, baseball player (b. 1928)
2001 Howard W. Koch, American film director (b. 1916)
2001 William Masters, American gynecologist and sexologist (b. 1915)
2002 Walter Winterbottom, England football manager (b. 1913)
2003 Eleanor "Sis" Daley, wife of Chicago mayor Richard J. Daley (b. 1907)
2003 Rusty Magee, American composer (b. 1955)
2004 Doris Troy, American singer (b. 1937)
2004 Shirley Strickland, Australian athlete (b. 1925)
2005 Nicole DeHuff, American actress (pneumonia) (b. 1975)
2005 Queen Narriman, second and last wife of King Farouk and mother of their only child King Fuad II (b. 1933)
2006 Ernie Stautner, German-born American football player (b. 1925)
2006 Johnny Grunge, American professional wrestler (b. 1966)
2009 Stephen Cardinal Kim Sou-hwan, Korean Cardinal, Protopriest of the Holy Roman Church (b. 1921)
2010 Wan Chi Keung, Hong Kong soccer player and actor. (b. 1956)
2011 Justinas Marcinkevičius, Lithuanian poet and playwright (b. 1930)
2011 Len Lesser, American actor (b. 1922)
2012 Anthony Shadid, New York Times foreign correspondent and two time Pulitzer winner, dies from asthma at 43
2012 Baddeley Devesi, first Governor-General of the Solomon Islands, dies at 70
2012 Gary Carter, American Hall of Fame baseball catcher (New York Mets)
2012 Harry McPherson, presidential counsel and lobbyist


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